When does an individual become a job applicant?

In the United States, there is a good deal of governmental dust being kicked up over the definition of an applicant. Is there any current case law on this in Canada? Have there been any related court decisions handed down?
By Tim Mitchell
|Canadian Employment Law Today

Question:

In the United States, there is a good deal of governmental dust being kicked up over the definition of an applicant. The Office of Federal Contract Compliance Programs (OFCCP) recently handed down a ruling on what constitutes a job applicant. There have been several other bits of documentation from the OFCCP related to this. Most of this has been driven by the prevalence of online hiring tools being used in the U.S.

The importance of this is that the point at which an individual becomes a job applicant is when organizations are held responsible for fair hiring practices.